2.2 D 150 SE-L
  • £12,500
  • Year/Month: 2013/0
  • Stock ID: T98267
  • Transmission: Automatic
  • CC: 2200
  • Mileage: 81137
  • Fuel Type: Diesel

Mazda Cx 5 150 For Sale From UK At Reasonable Price

Do You Know About Piston, Cylinder, Valves, And Shaft Inside Mazda Cx 5 150 For Sale 

As a buyer of Mazda cx 5 150 for sale, do you know about, the operation of the internal combustion engine in its main parts? This type of engine, used on the first thermal machines of the late nineteenth century, allows to apply an energy transformation chain by means of several well-designed components and in synergy with each other.

Diesel or Petrol

One of the visions that help understand the functioning of a car and its beating heart, the engine, is given by imagining each component as an element capable of playing a specific role. Thanks to this premise, it will be very easy to conceive how the internal combustion engine is able to transform the chemical energy of the fuel into mechanical energy transmitted to the wheels. Before understanding how in practice the engine manages to transform fuel, whether diesel or petrol, into motion, let's analyze the main elements with which the internal combustion engine works. The engine block represents the most massive and robust part of what is found under each hood. The base of this ‘box’, made of cast iron or aluminum, has evident cylindrical holes in which the pistons are housed. The latter is free to move up and down, to be more precise of reciprocating motion, thanks to the combustion chemistry.

Cylinder or Piston

Let's start giving some immediate definition. When you hear about V  or, V8, etc.   it refers to the number of cylinders inside the engine block. So if we go to analyze a  quad-cylinder engine, one of the most popular on everyday cars, we will, therefore, have to deal with four holes coupled to four moving pistons. The displacement represents the size, in liters, etc.of the cylindrical holes that contain the pistons; to be precise it would be the volume swept by the piston inside the cylinder along its stroke but we just analyze the main concepts. For simplicity, let's analyze a single-piston. A Mazda cx 5 150 price payer needs to know, in the upper part of the cylinder there are two holes; one in which the mixture enters and one from which the combustion gases come out at the end of the thermodynamic cycle. It is precisely here that the valves come into play, mechanical elements capable of closing and opening these holes with fundamental timing. 

Shaft and Valves

Within the combustion chamber of a four-stroke engine, the intake, compression, expansion and exhaust phases take place in a very short time. Exactly in the first and last of these phases, the inlet and outlet valves respectively open and close allowing the mixture to enter and the exhaust gas to escape. Techniques such as the ignition timing allow you to optimize everything. Understand that adjusting these different phases for all the cylinders present is not easy at all. This process, as well as the electronic setting, is regulated by the camshaft, a long cylinder that runs throughout the engine head and mechanically pulls and pushes the valves to open and close the intake and exhaust holes in the perfect moment. The rotation of this shaft, small compared to the driving shaft which is given by the belt. The camshaft is put into rotation precisely by this component which exploits the movement of the engine itself in constant rotation.